Dataframes are a great way to display and edit data in a tabular format. Working with Pandas DataFrames and other tabular data structures is key to data science workflows. If developers and data scientists want to display this data in Streamlit, they have multiple options: st.dataframe and st.data_editor. If you want to solely display data in a table-like UI, st.dataframe is the way to go. If you want to interactively edit data, use st.data_editor. We explore the use cases and advantages of each option in the following sections.

Streamlit can display dataframes in a table-like UI via st.dataframe :

import streamlit as st
import pandas as pd

df = pd.DataFrame(
        {"command": "st.selectbox", "rating": 4, "is_widget": True},
        {"command": "st.balloons", "rating": 5, "is_widget": False},
        {"command": "st.time_input", "rating": 3, "is_widget": True},

st.dataframe(df, use_container_width=True)

st.dataframe also provides some additional functionality by using glide-data-grid under the hood:

  • Column sorting: sort columns by clicking on their headers.
  • Column resizing: resize columns by dragging and dropping column header borders.
  • Table resizing: resize tables by dragging and dropping the bottom right corner.
  • Search: search through data by clicking a table, using hotkeys (⌘ Cmd + F or Ctrl + F) to bring up the search bar, and using the search bar to filter data.
  • Copy to clipboard: select one or multiple cells, copy them to the clipboard and paste them into your favorite spreadsheet software.

Try out all the addition UI features using the embedded app from the prior section.

In addition to Pandas DataFrames, st.dataframe also supports other common Python types, e.g., list, dict, or numpy array. It also supports Snowpark and PySpark DataFrames, which allow you to lazily evaluate and pull data from databases. This can be useful for working with large datasets.

Streamlit supports editable dataframes via the st.data_editor command. Check out its API in st.data_editor. It shows the dataframe in a table, similar to st.dataframe. But in contrast to st.dataframe, this table isn't static! The user can click on cells and edit them. The edited data is then returned on the Python side. Here's an example:

df = pd.DataFrame(
        {"command": "st.selectbox", "rating": 4, "is_widget": True},
        {"command": "st.balloons", "rating": 5, "is_widget": False},
        {"command": "st.time_input", "rating": 3, "is_widget": True},

df = load_data()
edited_df = st.data_editor(df) # 👈 An editable dataframe

favorite_command = edited_df.loc[edited_df["rating"].idxmax()]["command"]
st.markdown(f"Your favorite command is **{favorite_command}** 🎈")
View interactive appexpand_more

Try it out by double-clicking on any cell. You'll notice you can edit all cell values. Try editing the values in the rating column and observe how the text output at the bottom changes:


st.data_editor also supports a few additional things:

  • Copy and paste support from and to Excel and Google Sheets.
  • Add and delete rows. You can do this by setting num_rows= "dynamic" when calling st.data_editor. This will allow users to add and delete rows as needed.
  • Access edited data. Only access the individual edits instead of the entire edited data structure via session state.
  • Bulk edits (similar to Excel, just drag a handle to edit neighboring cells).
  • Automatic input validation, a strong data type support. e.g. There's no way to enter letters into a number cell and many other configurable input validation options. e.g. min-/max-value.
  • Edit common data structures such as lists, dicts, NumPy ndarray, etc.

The data editor supports pasting in tabular data from Google Sheets, Excel, Notion, and many other similar tools. You can also copy-paste data between st.data_editor instances. This functionality, powered by the Clipboard API, can be a huge time saver for users who need to work with data across multiple platforms. To try it out:

  1. Copy data from this Google Sheets document to clipboard
  2. Select any cell in the name column of the table below and paste it in (via ctrl/cmd + v).
View interactive appexpand_more


Every cell of the pasted data will be evaluated individually and inserted into the cells if the data is compatible with the column type. E.g., pasting in non-numerical text data into a number column will be ignored.

Did you notice that although the initial dataframe had just five rows, pasting all those rows from the spreadsheet added additional rows to the dataframe? 👀 Let's find out how that works in the next section.



If you embed your apps with iframes, you'll need to allow the iframe to access the clipboard if you want to use the copy-paste functionality. To do so, give the iframe clipboard-write and clipboard-read permissions. E.g.

<iframe allow="clipboard-write;clipboard-read;" ... src="https://your-app-url"></iframe>

As developers, ensure the app is served with a valid, trusted certificate when using TLS. If users encounter issues with copying and pasting data, direct them to check if their browser has activated clipboard access permissions for the Streamlit application, either when prompted or through the browser's site settings.

With st.data_editor, viewers can add or delete rows via the table UI. This mode can be activated by setting the num_rows parameter to "dynamic". E.g.

edited_df = st.data_editor(df, num_rows="dynamic")
  • To add new rows, scroll to the bottom-most row and click on the “+" sign in any cell.
  • To delete rows, select one or more rows and press the delete key on your keyboard.
View interactive appexpand_more

Sometimes, it is more convenient to know which cells have been changed rather than getting the entire edited dataframe back. Streamlit makes this easy through the use of session state. If a key parameter is set, Streamlit will store any changes made to the dataframe in the session state.

This snippet shows how you can access changed data using session state:

st.data_editor(df, key="data_editor") # 👈 Set a key
st.write("Here's the session state:")
st.write(st.session_state["data_editor"]) # 👈 Access the edited data

In this code snippet, the key parameter is set to "data_editor". Any changes made to the data in the st.data_editor instance will be tracked by Streamlit and stored in session state under the key "data_editor".

After the data editor is created, the contents of the "data_editor" key in session state are printed to the screen using st.write(st.session_state["data_editor"]). This allows you to see the changes made to the original dataframe without having to return the entire dataframe from the data editor.

This can be useful when working with large dataframes and you only need to know which cells have changed, rather than the entire edited dataframe.

View interactive appexpand_more

Use all we've learned so far and apply them to the above embedded app. Try editing cells, adding new rows, and deleting rows.


Notice how edits to the table are reflected in session state: when you make any edits, a rerun is triggered which sends the edits to the backend via st.data_editor's keyed widget state. Its widget state is a JSON object containing three properties: edited_rows, added_rows, and deleted rows:.



When going from st.experimental_data_editor to st.data_editor in 1.23.0, the data editor's representation in st.session_state was changed. The edited_cells dictionary is now called edited_rows and uses a different format ({0: {"column name": "edited value"}} instead of {"0:1": "edited value"}). You may need to adjust the code if your app uses st.experimental_data_editor in combination with st.session_state."

  • edited_rows is a dictionary containing all edits. Keys are zero-based row indices and values are dictionaries that map column names to edits (e.g. {0: {"col1": ..., "col2": ...}}).
  • added_rows is a list of newly added rows. Each value is a dictionary with the same format as above (e.g. [{"col1": ..., "col2": ...}]).
  • deleted_rows is a list of row numbers that have been deleted from the table (e.g. [0, 2]).

The data editor includes a feature that allows for bulk editing of cells. Similar to Excel, you can drag a handle across a selection of cells to edit their values in bulk. You can even apply commonly used keyboard shortcuts in spreadsheet software. This is useful when you need to make the same change across multiple cells, rather than editing each cell individually:


The data editor includes automatic input validation to help prevent errors when editing cells. For example, if you have a column that contains numerical data, the input field will automatically restrict the user to only entering numerical data. This helps to prevent errors that could occur if the user were to accidentally enter a non-numerical value. Additional input validation can be configured through the Column configuration API. Such as max_chars and a validate pattern for text columns, or min_value, max_value, or step for number columns. You can also set required to True for all editable column types to disallow setting values to None.

Editing doesn't just work for Pandas DataFrames! You can also edit lists, tuples, sets, dictionaries, NumPy arrays, or Snowpark & PySpark DataFrames. Most data types will be returned in their original format. But some types (e.g. Snowpark and PySpark) are converted to Pandas DataFrames. To learn about all the supported types, read the st.data_editor API.

E.g. you can easily let the user add items to a list:

edited_list = st.data_editor(["red", "green", "blue"], num_rows= "dynamic")
st.write("Here are all the colors you entered:")

Or numpy arrays:

import numpy as np

    ["st.text_area", "widget", 4.92],
    ["st.markdown", "element", 47.22]

Or lists of records:

    {"name": "st.text_area", "type": "widget"},
    {"name": "st.markdown", "type": "element"},

Or dictionaries and many more types!

    "st.text_area": "widget",
    "st.markdown": "element"

You are able configure the display and editing behavior of columns via st.dataframe and st.data_editor via the Column configuration API. We have developed the API to let you add images, charts, and clickable URLs in dataframe and data editor columns. Additionally, you can make individual columns editable, set columns as categorical and specify which options they can take, hide the index of the dataframe, and much more.

When working with data in Streamlit, the st.column_config class is a powerful tool for configuring data display and interaction. Specifically designed for the column_config parameter in st.dataframe and st.data_editor, it provides a suite of methods to tailor your columns to various data types - from simple text and numbers to lists, URLs, images, and more.

Whether it's translating temporal data into user-friendly formats or utilizing charts and progress bars for clearer data visualization, column configuration not only provides the user with an enriched data viewing experience but also ensures that you're equipped with the tools to present and interact with your data, just the way you want it.



Configure a generic column.

Column("Streamlit Widgets", width="medium", help="Streamlit **widget** commands 🎈")

Text column

Configure a text column.

TextColumn("Widgets", max_chars=50, validate="^st\.[a-z_]+$")

Number column

Configure a number column.

NumberColumn("Price (in USD)", min_value=0, format="$%d")

Checkbox column

Configure a checkbox column.

CheckboxColumn("Your favorite?", help="Select your **favorite** widgets")

Selectbox column

Configure a selectbox column.

SelectboxColumn("App Category", options=["🤖 LLM", "📈 Data Viz"])

Datetime column

Configure a datetime column.

DatetimeColumn("Appointment", min_value=datetime(2023, 6, 1), format="D MMM YYYY, h:mm a")

Date column

Configure a date column.

DateColumn("Birthday", max_value=date(2005, 1, 1), format="DD.MM.YYYY")

Time column

Configure a time column.

TimeColumn("Appointment", min_value=time(8, 0, 0), format="hh:mm a")

List column

Configure a list column.

ListColumn("Sales (last 6 months)", width="medium")

Configure a link column.

LinkColumn("Trending apps", max_chars=100, validate="^https://.*$")

Image column

Configure an image column.

ImageColumn("Preview Image", help="The preview screenshots")

Line chart column

Configure a line chart column.

LineChartColumn("Sales (last 6 months)" y_min=0, y_max=100)

Bar chart column

Configure a bar chart column.

BarChartColumn("Marketing spend" y_min=0, y_max=100)

Progress column

Configure a progress column.

ProgressColumn("Sales volume", min_value=0, max_value=1000, format="$%f")


We will release in-depth documentation and a blog post on how to configure columns in the next two weeks. Keep at an eye out for updates on this page and the Streamlit blog.

There are techniques you can use with Pandas today to render columns as checkboxes, selectboxes, and change the type of columns, that don't involve the column configuration API. We explore these techniques in the following sections.

To render columns as checkboxes and clickable checkboxes in st.dataframe and st.data_editor, respectively, set the type of the Pandas column as bool.

Here’s an example of creating a Pandas DataFrame with column A containing boolean values. When we display it using st.dataframe, the boolean values are rendered as checkboxes, where True and False values are checked and unchecked, respectively.

import pandas as pd

# create a dataframe with a boolean column
df = pd.DataFrame({"A": [True, False, True, False]})

# show the dataframe with checkboxes

Notice you cannot change their values from the frontend. To let users check and uncheck values, we display the dataframe with st.data_editor instead:

import pandas as pd

# create a dataframe with a boolean column
df = pd.DataFrame({"A": [True, False, True, False]})

# show the data editor with checkboxes

To render columns as selectboxes with st.data_editor, set the type of the Pandas column as category:

import pandas as pd

df = pd.DataFrame(
    {"command": ["st.selectbox", "st.slider", "st.balloons", "st.time_input"]}
df["command"] = df["command"].astype("category")

edited_df = st.data_editor(df)

In some cases, you may want users to select categories that aren’t in the original Pandas DataFrame. Let’s say we use df from above. Currently, the command column can take on four unique values. What should we do if we want users to see additional options such as st.button and

To add additional categories to the selection, use

import pandas as pd

df = pd.DataFrame(
    {"command": ["st.selectbox", "st.slider", "st.balloons", "st.time_input"]}
df["command"] = (
    df["command"].astype("category").cat.add_categories(["st.button", ""])

edited_df = st.data_editor(df)

st.dataframe and st.data_editor have been designed to theoretically handle tables with millions of rows thanks to their highly performant implementation using the glide-data-grid library and HTML canvas. However, the maximum amount of data that an app can realistically handle will depend on several other factors, including:

  1. The maximum size of WebSocket messages: Streamlit's WebSocket messages are configurable via the server.maxMessageSize config option, which limits the amount of data that can be transferred via the WebSocket connection at once.
  2. The server memory: The amount of data that your app can handle will also depend on the amount of memory available on your server. If the server's memory is exceeded, the app may become slow or unresponsive.
  3. The user's browser memory: Since all the data needs to be transferred to the user's browser for rendering, the amount of memory available on the user's device can also affect the app's performance. If the browser's memory is exceeded, it may crash or become unresponsive.

In addition to these factors, a slow network connection can also significantly slow down apps that handle large datasets.

When handling large datasets with more than 150,000 rows, Streamlit applies additional optimizations and disables column sorting. This can help to reduce the amount of data that needs to be processed at once and improve the app's performance.

While Streamlit's data editing capabilities offer a lot of functionality, there are some limitations to be aware of:

  • Editing is enabled for a limited set of column types (TextColumn, NumberColumn, LinkColumn, CheckboxColumn, SelectboxColumn, DateColumn, TimeColumn, and DatetimeColumn). We are actively working on supporting editing for other column types as well, such as images, lists, and charts.
  • Editing of Pandas DataFrames only supports the following index types: RangeIndex, (string) IndexFloat64IndexInt64Index, and UInt64Index.
  • Some actions like deleting rows or searching data can only be triggered via keyboard hotkeys.

We are working to fix the above limitations in future releases, so keep an eye out for updates.

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