star

Tip

Learn more in our Dataframes guide and check out our tutorial, Get dataframe row-selections from users.

Display a dataframe as an interactive table.

This command works with dataframes from Pandas, PyArrow, Snowpark, and PySpark. It can also display several other types that can be converted to dataframes, e.g. numpy arrays, lists, sets and dictionaries.

Function signature[source]

st.dataframe(data=None, width=None, height=None, *, use_container_width=False, hide_index=None, column_order=None, column_config=None, key=None, on_select="ignore", selection_mode="multi-row")

Parameters

data (pandas.DataFrame, pandas.Series, pandas.Styler, pandas.Index, pyarrow.Table, numpy.ndarray, pyspark.sql.DataFrame, snowflake.snowpark.dataframe.DataFrame, snowflake.snowpark.table.Table, Iterable, dict, or None)

The data to display.

If data is a pandas.Styler, it will be used to style its underlying pandas.DataFrame. Streamlit supports custom cell values and colors. It does not support some of the more exotic pandas styling features, like bar charts, hovering, and captions.

width (int or None)

Desired width of the dataframe expressed in pixels. If width is None (default), Streamlit sets the dataframe width to fit its contents up to the width of the parent container. If width is greater than the width of the parent container, Streamlit sets the dataframe width to match the width of the parent container.

height (int or None)

Desired height of the dataframe expressed in pixels. If height is None (default), Streamlit sets the height to show at most ten rows. Vertical scrolling within the dataframe element is enabled when the height does not accomodate all rows.

use_container_width (bool)

Whether to override width with the width of the parent container. If use_container_width is False (default), Streamlit sets the dataframe's width according to width. If use_container_width is True, Streamlit sets the width of the dataframe to match the width of the parent container.

hide_index (bool or None)

Whether to hide the index column(s). If hide_index is None (default), the visibility of index columns is automatically determined based on the data.

column_order (Iterable of str or None)

The ordered list of columns to display. If column_order is None (default), Streamlit displays all columns in the order inherited from the underlying data structure. If column_order is a list, the indicated columns will display in the order they appear within the list. Columns may be omitted or repeated within the list.

For example, column_order=("col2", "col1") will display "col2" first, followed by "col1", and will hide all other non-index columns.

column_config (dict or None)

Configuration to customize how columns display. If column_config is None (default), columns are styled based on the underlying data type of each column.

Column configuration can modify column names, visibility, type, width, or format, among other things. column_config must be a dictionary where each key is a column name and the associated value is one of the following:

  • None: Streamlit hides the column.
  • A string: Streamlit changes the display label of the column to the given string.
  • A column type within st.column_config: Streamlit applies the defined configuration to the column. For example, use st.column_config.NumberColumn("Dollar values”, format=”$ %d") to change the displayed name of the column to "Dollar values" and add a "$" prefix in each cell. For more info on the available column types and config options, see Column configuration.

To configure the index column(s), use _index as the column name.

key (str)

An optional string to use for giving this element a stable identity. If key is None (default), this element's identity will be determined based on the values of the other parameters.

Additionally, if selections are activated and key is provided, Streamlit will register the key in Session State to store the selection state. The selection state is read-only.

on_select ("ignore" or "rerun" or callable)

How the dataframe should respond to user selection events. This controls whether or not the dataframe behaves like an input widget. on_select can be one of the following:

  • "ignore" (default): Streamlit will not react to any selection events in the dataframe. The dataframe will not behave like an input widget.
  • "rerun": Streamlit will rerun the app when the user selects rows or columns in the dataframe. In this case, st.dataframe will return the selection data as a dictionary.
  • A callable: Streamlit will rerun the app and execute the callable as a callback function before the rest of the app. In this case, st.dataframe will return the selection data as a dictionary.

selection_mode ("single-row", "multi-row", single-column", "multi-column", or Iterable of these)

The types of selections Streamlit should allow. This can be one of the following:

  • "multi-row" (default): Multiple rows can be selected at a time.
  • "single-row": Only one row can be selected at a time.
  • "multi-column": Multiple columns can be selected at a time.
  • "single-column": Only one column can be selected at a time.
  • An Iterable of the above options: The table will allow selection based on the modes specified.

When column selections are enabled, column sorting is disabled.

Returns

(element or dict)

If on_select is "ignore" (default), this method returns an internal placeholder for the dataframe element that can be used with the .add_rows() method. Otherwise, this method returns a dictionary-like object that supports both key and attribute notation. The attributes are described by the DataframeState dictionary schema.

Examples

import streamlit as st
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

df = pd.DataFrame(np.random.randn(50, 20), columns=("col %d" % i for i in range(20)))

st.dataframe(df)  # Same as st.write(df)

You can also pass a Pandas Styler object to change the style of the rendered DataFrame:

import streamlit as st
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

df = pd.DataFrame(np.random.randn(10, 20), columns=("col %d" % i for i in range(20)))

st.dataframe(df.style.highlight_max(axis=0))

Or you can customize the dataframe via column_config, hide_index, or column_order:

import random
import pandas as pd
import streamlit as st

df = pd.DataFrame(
    {
        "name": ["Roadmap", "Extras", "Issues"],
        "url": ["https://roadmap.streamlit.app", "https://extras.streamlit.app", "https://issues.streamlit.app"],
        "stars": [random.randint(0, 1000) for _ in range(3)],
        "views_history": [[random.randint(0, 5000) for _ in range(30)] for _ in range(3)],
    }
)
st.dataframe(
    df,
    column_config={
        "name": "App name",
        "stars": st.column_config.NumberColumn(
            "Github Stars",
            help="Number of stars on GitHub",
            format="%d ⭐",
        ),
        "url": st.column_config.LinkColumn("App URL"),
        "views_history": st.column_config.LineChartColumn(
            "Views (past 30 days)", y_min=0, y_max=5000
        ),
    },
    hide_index=True,
)

The schema for the dataframe event state.

The event state is stored in a dictionary-like object that suports both key and attribute notation. Event states cannot be programmatically changed or set through Session State.

Only selection events are supported at this time.

Attributes

selection (dict)

The state of the on_select event. This attribure returns a dictionary-like object that supports both key and attribute notation. The attributes are described by the DataframeSelectionState dictionary schema.

The schema for the dataframe selection state.

The selection state is stored in a dictionary-like object that suports both key and attribute notation. Selection states cannot be programmatically changed or set through Session State.

Warning

If a user sorts a dataframe, row selections will be reset. If your users need to sort and filter the dataframe to make selections, direct them to use the search function in the dataframe toolbar instead.

Attributes

rows (list[int])

The selected rows, identified by their integer position. The integer positions match the original dataframe, even if the user sorts the dataframe in their browser. For a pandas.DataFrame, you can retrieve data from its interger position using methods like .iloc[] or .iat[].

columns (list[str])

The selected columns, identified by their names.

Example

The following example has multi-row and multi-column selections enabled. Try selecting some rows. To select multiple columns, hold Ctrl while selecting columns. Hold Shift to select a range of columns.

import streamlit as st
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

if "df" not in st.session_state:
    st.session_state.df = pd.DataFrame(
        np.random.randn(12, 5), columns=["a", "b", "c", "d", "e"]
    )

event = st.dataframe(
    st.session_state.df,
    key="data",
    on_select="rerun",
    selection_mode=["multi-row", "multi-column"],
)

event.selection

Concatenate a dataframe to the bottom of the current one.

Function signature[source]

element.add_rows(data=None, **kwargs)

Parameters

data (pandas.DataFrame, pandas.Styler, pyarrow.Table, numpy.ndarray, pyspark.sql.DataFrame, snowflake.snowpark.dataframe.DataFrame, Iterable, dict, or None)

Table to concat. Optional.

**kwargs (pandas.DataFrame, numpy.ndarray, Iterable, dict, or None)

The named dataset to concat. Optional. You can only pass in 1 dataset (including the one in the data parameter).

Example

import streamlit as st
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

df1 = pd.DataFrame(np.random.randn(50, 20), columns=("col %d" % i for i in range(20)))

my_table = st.table(df1)

df2 = pd.DataFrame(np.random.randn(50, 20), columns=("col %d" % i for i in range(20)))

my_table.add_rows(df2)
# Now the table shown in the Streamlit app contains the data for
# df1 followed by the data for df2.

You can do the same thing with plots. For example, if you want to add more data to a line chart:

# Assuming df1 and df2 from the example above still exist...
my_chart = st.line_chart(df1)
my_chart.add_rows(df2)
# Now the chart shown in the Streamlit app contains the data for
# df1 followed by the data for df2.

And for plots whose datasets are named, you can pass the data with a keyword argument where the key is the name:

my_chart = st.vega_lite_chart({
    'mark': 'line',
    'encoding': {'x': 'a', 'y': 'b'},
    'datasets': {
      'some_fancy_name': df1,  # <-- named dataset
     },
    'data': {'name': 'some_fancy_name'},
}),
my_chart.add_rows(some_fancy_name=df2)  # <-- name used as keyword

Dataframes displayed with st.dataframe are interactive. End users can sort, resize, search, and copy data to their clipboard. For on overview of features, read our Dataframes guide.

You can configure the display and editing behavior of columns in st.dataframe and st.data_editor via the Column configuration API. We have developed the API to let you add images, charts, and clickable URLs in dataframe and data editor columns. Additionally, you can make individual columns editable, set columns as categorical and specify which options they can take, hide the index of the dataframe, and much more.

forum

Still have questions?

Our forums are full of helpful information and Streamlit experts.